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初中語文最易失分的7種題型,你知道嗎? 精選

2018-09-28 小霸總

??初中語文試題中,像字音字形、詞語運用這些是基礎題,也是送分題,但事與愿違的是,很多考生的失分點也往往出現在這些最基礎的題目上。要提高語文學科的得分,要重視日常的知識積累,從點滴抓起。以下就是初中語文最易失分的題型。

初中語文最易失分的7種題型,你知道嗎?

?

??1.字音字形題,耗時過多而丟分

??字音字形題耗時不要超過1分鐘,否則既降低了答對的機率,還擠壓了其他題的時間。俗稱“丟雙份”。高考語文選擇題多為復查負效題,不復查還好,越查越易改錯。

??【對策】

??選擇常見100個多音字和100個常錯形近字,遵循“以義定音定形”原則,適度聯想發散,逐一記憶過關,每天一題,適當訓練。

?

??2.詞語(成語)運用題,不知分類而丟分。

??成語題中只要出雙重語義的一般是選擇項,比如燈紅酒綠、想入非非等。當然成語還有因不了解成語意思誤用、因不明成語適用對象誤用、因不明成語感情色彩誤用等角度進行分類。

??【對策】

??1)選擇100個常考成語和100個常錯成語,逐一過關,每天一題,適當訓練。2)其他實詞虛詞不能放松。

?

??3.語病辨析題,不分輕重而丟分。

??語病題是命題人最頭疼的題目,因為語言本就講求約定俗成,因此答題時不要苛求完美,只比較哪個選擇項更好一些--“認對不認錯”。

??【對策】

??匯總中考題,熟悉六種語病類型,分類解析,每周一題,適應訓練。語病題是訓練低效題。

?

??4.實詞理解題,教材不熟而丟分。

??實詞題與教材文言文聯系最緊,出題點一般為教材內容。

??【對策】

??匯總必修教材和選修教材中的文言文,每天一篇,翻譯梳理過關。

?

??5.文言篩選題、分析概括題,忽略原文而丟分。

??【對策】

??文言篩選信息題的關鍵是將選擇項內容代入原文,根據題目要求進行排除。分析概括題除了要重視原文,代入原文外,還須盯緊該題設錯的五大方面(攪亂時間、地點、人物、事件和語意邏輯)。

?

??6.文言翻譯題,得分點不全而丟分。

??【對策】

??匯總教材中21篇文言文,每天一篇,翻譯過關。

??重視四個落實:

??1.字字落實,重點在單音節詞翻譯為以該單音節詞為核心的雙音節詞;

??2.句式落實,不僅有句式還包括活用法;

??3.文從句順語言落實;

??4.得分點定位落實,是得分點的絕對不能譯錯更不能譯掉。

?

??7.文言斷句題,不懂標志而丟分。

??【對策】

??斷句題命題點在于標志。標志有哪些?句前“猶、況、夫、其”,句末“耶、者”,當然還有句中的“而”等。此外,要善于利用句式特點、主謂、動賓關系等技巧。斷句答問命題自由,但無非內容概括和常識考查。內容概括摘原文,常識考查適當須積累文學、文化常識。
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