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高中英語語法:閱讀理解技巧(一)

2018-09-29 小霸總

??知識點總結


??一,文章特點:

??高考英語考試中閱讀理解語篇題材、體裁的多樣化,

??文章3文體:有記敘文、說明文、議論文和應用文等多種體裁,

??題材:社會生活、政治、經濟、文化、人物、故事、歷史、新聞、廣告、科普等,貼近現代生活,有很強的時代感。


??二,題目分析:閱讀理解多項選擇題主要有以下5種題型:

??主旨大意題、細節理解題、詞義猜測題、、觀點態度題、判斷推理題等。

高中英語語法:閱讀理解技巧(一)

??三.出題的目的:

??基于上述測試要點,學生在閱讀過程中必須具備下列技能,才能獲取和處理信息: 1.略讀; 2.查讀;? 3.預測下文;?? 4.理解大意;??? 5.分清文章中的事實和觀點;6.猜測詞義 7.推理判斷;? 8,了解重點細節;? 9理解文章結構; 10.理解圖表信息; 11.理解指代關系;? 12.理解邏輯關系; 13.理解作者意圖; 14.評價閱讀內容。


??四、(第一節)解題思路分析

??(一) 主旨大意題

??閱讀理解的問題也以如下形式出現:

??1. What is the best title for/of the passage?

??2. What can be inferred from the passage?

??3. What does the author mainly tell us about in the text?

??4. What is mainly discussed in the article/passage/text?


??概括主旨大意的方法有:

??A:尋找主題句,有些段落大意在主題句上。

??答案多在文章的首句或末句

??主題句有的在句首,有的在段中,有的在段尾。

??B:尋找關鍵詞,有些段落大意就散落在關鍵詞上。 (? 略讀或掃讀)

??將閱讀重點放在首尾部分。(一則省時間,二則目標明確,正確率自然也相應提高了)。


??掌握了找主題句的方法,就可以依據主題句歸納主題。但歸納主題容易出現以下三種錯誤,需要同學們注意。

??1.以偏概全。即只抓住了主題的一個側面就誤以為是主題。

??2.過于籠統。即歸納的主題太泛,與細節脫節或是沒有對細節加以充分論證。

??3.把觀點強加給作者。讀者往往根據自己的常識對文章進行判斷而忽視了作者的見解。


??(二)細節理解題

??一、 解題技巧方法:

??在解這類題時,可采用“找關鍵詞”的辦法:

??1.抓住題干的關鍵詞,帶著關鍵詞在文中尋找,

??(關鍵詞可以是動詞,名詞為多,不定式或者形容詞都可能。)

??可在關鍵詞下面畫一直線以示突出。在原文出現關鍵詞的地方也需打相同的記號。可以突出重點分析,提高準確率也節省時。


??二、細節理解題題型主要有三種形式:問句式,不完整的陳述句和排除法。

??1.問句式(which型問句)

??A.其發問形式主要有以下幾種:

??How did something happen?

??Which of the following people should (not) do it?

??Which of the following did somebody have to deal with... ?

??Where should somebody do something?

??2.不完整的陳述句式

??A.常見形式有:

??Something can be best classified as??????? .

??A certain kind of person is someone who???????? .

??People are looking for better ways to???????? .

??According to the author, “it”was caused by??????? .

??3.排除式

??A.常見形式有:

??Which of the following are NOT mentioned in the passage?

??Which of the following is TRUE?

??Which of the following is NOT listed in ... ?

??Which of the following is NOT included in the passage?

??B.解題技巧:(廣告類)

??做這類題時,首先要仔細閱讀題后的選項,牢記各個選項所闡述的不同內容,然后? ??查讀讀原文。凡是原文中的信息與選擇項內容相同的,我們可以在這些信息下面劃線,以作為排除的內容。


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