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學好初中物理的方法,現在掌握來得及! 精選

2018-10-02 小霸總

??初中物理的學習,相對而言是比較簡單的,然而如果你沒有歸納好學習方法,那么學習起來,同樣也是比較吃力的。如何才能學好初中物理呢?一起來get一下吧。

?

??死記硬背

??基本概念要清楚,基本規律要熟悉,基本方法要熟練。課文必須熟悉,知識點必須記得清楚。

??至少課本中的插圖能夠在頭腦中有清晰的印象,不求要記得在多少多少頁,但求知道在左頁還是右頁,它是講關于什么知識點的,演示的是什么現象,得到的是什么結果,并能進行相關擴展領會。

?

??獨立做作業

??要獨立的(指不依賴他人)保質保量地做一些題。題目要有一定的數量,不能太少,更重要的是要有一定的質量,換句話說就是要有一定的難度。任何人學習數理化不經過這一關是學不好的。

??獨立解題,可能有時慢一些,有時要走彎路,有時甚至解不出來,但這些都是正常的,是任何一個初學者走向成功的必經之路。但是把不會的題目弄清楚,并進行知識擴展識記,會收獲頗豐。

?

??要過程作圖

??要對物理過程一清二楚,不管是理論過程,還是實踐過程,物理過程弄不清必然存在解題的隱患。題目不論難易都要盡量畫圖,有的畫草圖就可以了,有的要畫精確圖,要動用圓規、三角板、量角器等,以顯示幾何關系。

??畫圖能夠變抽象思維為形象思維,更精確地掌握物理過程。有了圖就能作狀態分析和動態分析,狀態分析是固定的、死的、間斷的,而動態分析是活的、連續的。

?

??抓緊課堂

??上課要認真聽講、不走神、不要自以為是,要虛心向老師學習、向同學學習。不要認為老師講得簡單而放棄聽講,如果真出現這種情況,你就應該把他當成是復習、鞏固。盡量與老師保持一致、同步,不同看法下課后再找老師討論,不能自搞一套,否則就可能兩邊都沒有抓好,從而導致嚴重的后果。

??當自己有了一定的基礎后,則允許有自己一定的活動空間,也就是說允許有一些自己的東西,學得越多,自己的東西越多。

?

??堅持做筆記

??上課以聽講為主,還有一個重要的事情就是做筆記。有些東西需要你記下來。比如說:知識結構,好的解題方法,好的例題,聽不太懂的地方等等都要記下來。課后還要整理筆記,一方面是為了更好的消化,另一方面還要對筆記作好補充以提升知識點的印象。

??筆記本不僅只是記上課老師講的,還要記一些讀書摘記,自己在作業中發現的好題、好的解法也要記在筆記本上。要對自己辛辛苦苦建立起來的筆記本進行編號,以后要經常去翻閱,要做到愛不釋手,終生保存。

?

??整理好資料

??學習資料要保存好,做好分類工作,還要做好記號。學習資料的分類包括練習題、試卷、實驗報告等等。

??做記號時,主要是對好題、有價值的題、易錯的題,分別做不同的記號,比如*?※、◎等等,以備今后閱讀,做記號可以節省不少時間。

?

??提高效率

??時間是寶貴的,如果沒有了時間,就什么也來不及做了,所以要注意充分利用時間,提高學習效率。

??而利用時間是一門非常高超的藝術。比方說,可以利用回憶的學習方法以節省時間,睡覺前、上學路上、等車時等這些時間,我們可以把當天講的課一節一節地回憶,這樣不僅重復地再學一次,還能達到強化的目的。

?

??虛心學習

??要虛心向別人學習,向同學們學習,向周圍的人學習,看人家是怎樣學習的,經常與周圍人進行學術上的交流,互教互學,共同提高,千萬不能自以為是。也不能保守,有了好方法要告訴別人,這樣別人有了好方法也會告訴你。

??在學習方面要有幾個好朋友。但是,最忌諱自暴自棄,反正我成績不好,也考不上重點高中……”這類言論,是自殺式的無藥可救性的自毀。它會讓人喪失前進的動力。像這種朋友我們就要敬而遠之,最好就是沒有任何交集。

?

??系統學習

??要重視知識結構,要系統地掌握好知識結構,這樣才能把零散的知識系統建立起來。

??大到整個物理的知識結構,小到力學的知識結構,甚至具體到章,如:靜力學的知識結構等等。

??這種彈性擴展思考方式,會把整個物理知識串通在一起,讓人思考起來更容易,做題時的思路也會更清晰,更有條理。

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